Middle East Studies Online Journal- ISSN 2109-9618- Issue n°6. Volume 3 ( Summer 2011)
Etudes du Moyen-Orient. N°6. Volume 3. ( Eté 2011)
.2011دراسات الشرق الأوسط، مجلة فكرية محكمة. العدد السادس . المجلد الثالث صيف
By: Issam A.W. Mohamed*
Abstract: This paper investigates water use in a rural village in semi-arid of Darfur region. Water use is viewed from the perspective of four production sectors: agriculture, rural industry, trade and services as well as domestic: drinking, cooking and sanitary uses. Water for these uses may be from three sources: rain water, surface water, and groundwater. This study focuses on groundwater. Results of a detailed survey indicate that groundwater use is dominated by agricultural activities including irrigated vegetables and grains, tree crops, and animal rearing. A ratio of water use to income generated is used as a measure of water intensity that can be compared across activities and commodities. Agricultural commodities, especially irrigated vegetables, grains and trees, are shown to be the most water intensive. The results provide useful background information for the development of predictive models and water conservation strategies. It presents an analysis of water use in a drought-inflicted of Darfur. That represents the preliminary findings of a research project whose objective is to assess the implications of alternative rural development scenarios for water use and water scarcity.
Key-words: Sudan economy, water use, Darfur, Agriculture, developing countries
Download the full paper (PDF) : Water Use for Commodity Production
* Professor Doctor, Faculty of Commerce, Economics and Social Studies andDean of the Nile Basin Research Center at Alneelain University.