Decentralized Governance and Empowerment of Women – A Case Study of India

Rachana Kaushal
Aligarh Muslim University – Department of Political Science

Women constitute half of the population. In any democratic process, the marginalized participation of women reflects negatively. Yet women are politically marginalized world over. Whatever may be the reasons for this, there is a need to make special provisions to include women in the democratic governance at different levels. India has taken the initiative to make a special provision for the reservation for women at the grassroot local self-government institutions (known as PRIs). How this policy has fared is the subject of this paper. The paper is divided into two parts. The first part covers the theoretical aspects of the 73rd Amendment Act and the second part discusses the impact of this amendment act on the status of women, their role in governance and the consequent socio-economic, political empowerment.

Keywords: Constitutional, Governance, empowerment, women

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OIDA International Journal of Sustainable Development, Vol. 1, No. 9, pp. 89-92, 2010