POMED: The Federal Budget and Appropriations for Fiscal Year 2014: Democracy, Governance, and Human Rights in the Middle East and North Africa

“U.S. support for democracy, governance, and human rights in the Middle East and North Africa is needed now as much as ever. This report aims to examine the degree and nature of that support, by way of the federal budget and appropriations process. It …

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On The Global Political And Economic Environment Of The Current Al-Jazeera Revolution

Middle East Studies Online Journal- ISSN 2109-9618- Issue n°5. Volume 2 ( 2011) Etudes du Moyen-Orient. N°5. Volume 2. 2011 دراسات الشرق الأوسط، مجلة فكرية محكمة. العدد الخامس . العدد الثاني 2011 Research Paper Arno Tausch§ Abstract: The current revolutionary … Continue reading

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LES MUSULMANS : UN CAUCHEMAR OU UNE FORCE POUR L’EUROPE ?

Middle East Studies Online Journal- ISSN 2109-9618- Issue n°5. Volume 2 ( 2011) Etudes du Moyen-Orient. N°5. Volume 2. 2011 2011.دراسات الشرق الأوسط، مجلة فكرية محكمة. العدد الخامس . المجلد الثاني Received Books Livre: LES MUSULMANS : UN CAUCHEMAR OU … Continue reading

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“Muslim calvinism”, internal security and the Lisbon process in Europe

Middle East Studies Online Journal- ISSN 2109-9618- Issue n°5. Volume 2 ( 2011) Etudes du Moyen-Orient. N°5. Volume 2. 2011 2011.دراسات الشرق الأوسط، مجلة فكرية محكمة. العدد الخامس . المجلد الثاني Received Books NEW BOOK by: Arno Tausch with Chr. … Continue reading

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International Social Science Data on Israel and the Occupied Territories

Middle East Studies Online Journal  ( 2010) Volume 1, Issue No 2 World Values Survey, UNDP Human Development Report 2009, and Nationmaster By: Arno Tausch, Department of Political Science Innsbruck University Compiled from: 1) World Values Survey http://www.wvsevsdb.com/wvs/WVSAnalizeStudy.jsp 2) UNDP … Continue reading

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Quantitative World System Studies Contradict Current Islamophobia

World Political Cycles, Global Terrorism, and World Development Arno Tausch* Abstract In this article, we draw some optimistic, socio-liberal conclusions about Islam in the world system. Countering some alarmist voices in the West, neither migration nor Muslim culture are to … Continue reading

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What 1.3 Billion Muslims Really Think: An Answer to a Recent Gallup Study, Based on the “World Values Survey”

New book, by: Arno Tausch (Innsbruck Univ. Innsbruck, Austria) Book Description: This book is based on the quantitative, multivariate analysis of the World Values Survey data from more than 80 countries around the globe on the political and social values … Continue reading

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The ”Muslim Factor” and the Future of ”Integration Policy” in Europe

Arno Tausch, Christian Bischof and Karl Mueller Department of Political Science, Innsbruck University This paper systematically evaluates the freely available data, contained in the European Social Survey and other international, open sources, on the problems of internal security and social … Continue reading

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Dar al Islam. The Mediterranean, the world system and the “wider EUrope”

by Peter Herrmann and Arno Tausch (Eds.) With the process of a “wide  Europe” (EU-Commission President Romano Prodi’s “ring of friends”) that extends from Marrakech in Morocco to St. Petersburg in Russia gathering speed, the growing rift between Europe and … Continue reading

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New: Against Islamophobia: Quantitative Analyses of Global Terrorism, World Political Cycles and Center Periphery Structures

In this publication, we draw some optimistic, socio-liberal conclusions about Islam in the world system. Countering some alarmist voices in the West, neither migration nor Muslim culture are to be blamed for the contemporary crisis, but the very nature of unequal capitalist accumulation and dependency that is at the core of the world capitalist system.

For one, our analysis is based on current thinking on Kondratiev waves of world political development inherent in recent work by IIASA and the NATO Institute for Advanced Studies. We also present analyses in the framework of the debate on cross-national determinants of human well-being in the world system. While we are cautiously optimistic about a socio-liberal, non-interventionist policy alternative, we come to the conclusion that present patterns of global governance, modeled around the neo-liberal Washington Consensus and American hyperpower, are doomed to failure.

First we present a rigorous re-analysis of United States …

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New: Dar Al Islam: The Mediterranean, the World System and the ‘Wider Europe’

With the process of a wider Europe (EU-Commission President Romano Prodi’s ring of friends) that extends from Marrakech in Morocco to St. Petersburg in Russia gathering speed, the growing rift between Europe and America also is about how to deal politically with the countries of the Mediterranean-Muslim world. The house of Islam (Dar al Islam) was pivotal to the European path to the Renaissance and to the re-discovery of classic Greek philosophy. The Mediterranean policy of the European Union aims at a positive and cooperative relationship with the region.

A successful integration of the Mediterranean South would have tremendous and positive repercussions for regional and world peace. World-wide leading experts from the field of world systems analysis, economics, integration theory, political science, theology and area studies, agnostics, Christians, Jews and Muslims alike discuss the issue with European decision makers. The outcome is an interdisciplinary evaluation of this …

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New: The City on the Hill? The Latin Americanization of Europe and the Lost Competition with the U.S.A.

The author presents a world systems perspective for the ongoing debate about the European failure to meet the Lisbon criteria of catching up with the US by 2010. While the dismal performance of Europe again is documented in this paper, the world system perspective is relatively novel in the debate and argues that Europe in the long run becomes similar to the typical Latin American countries during the internationalization of the internal markets that began in Latin America in the 1960s and 1970. While it is still fashionable in Europe to talk about the European social model contrasted by those American conditions associated with rampant poverty and social exclusion (just think about those millions of Americans without any health insurance), the empirical analysis of this article shows that net social expenditures in the US (not even talking into account the social expenditures of the 50 member states of the Federation and the municipalities) are on a similar level as in the …

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New: The EU Enlargement Process and Social Convergence: A Working Paper on Globalization and Growing Inequality in the Old and the New Europe

The publication surveys the major existing evidence from EUROSTAT and UN/World Bank sources and comes to the depressing conclusion that there is practically no real convergence of social conditions in Europe over the last years. Instead, the gaps between East and West, and between South and North tend to be permanent. A large number of poverty indicators is analysed. The analysis bodes ill for the aims of the Union to become, by 2010, the world’s leading market. The analysis is especially pessimistic for the Czech Republic, the Slovak Republic, Bulgaria and Romania. The publication surveys also the latest evidence on Roma poverty and Roma discrimination in the region.

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New: Social Cohesion, Sustainable Development and Turkey’s Accession to the European Union: Implications from a Global Model

This article investigates the determination of 14 indicators of development in 109 countries with complete data. The empirical record, presented in this essay, speaks a clear language in favor of Islamic democracy and against those in the West that attempt to treat Islamic cultural heritage as a general development burden. It should be also clear that a reliance on the “Washington Consensus” alone will not “fix” the performance of countries beyond a better and more predictable development stability”. The most consistent consequence of the “dependency” analysis of this essay is the realization that a reliance on foreign capital in the short term might bring about positive consequences for employment – especially female employment – but that the long-term negative consequences of dependence in the social sphere, but also for sustainable development, outweigh the immediate, positive effects. Our three-fold empirical understanding of the process of globalization – reliance on foreign …

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REVISION: Global Terrorism and World Political Cycles

In this publication, we draw some optimistic, socio-liberal conclusions about Islam in the world system. Countering some alarmist voices in the West, neither migration nor Muslim culture are to be blamed for the contemporary crisis, but the very nature of unequal capitalist accumulation and dependency that is at the core of the world capitalist system.

For one, our analysis is based on current thinking on Kondratiev waves of world political development inherent in recent work by IIASA and the NATO Institute for Advanced Studies. We also present analyses in the framework of the debate on cross-national determinants of human well-being in the world system. While we are cautiously optimistic about a socio-liberal, non-interventionist policy alternative, we come to the conclusion that present patterns of global governance, modeled around the neo-liberal Washington Consensus and American hyperpower, are doomed to failure.

We present a rigorous re-analysis of United States Department …

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REVISION: World Bank Pension Reforms and Development Patterns in the World System and in the Wider Europe: A 109 Country Investigation Based on 33 Indicators of Economic Growth, and Human, Social and Ecological Well-Being, and a European Regional Case Study

On the first anniversary of the death of Nobel Laureate Professor Franco Modigliani, the Luxembourg Institute for European and International Studies (LIEIS) organised a conference on ‘Reforming European Pension Systems’ on 24 and 25 September 2004 in Schengen.

Initially, the intention was to hold this conference in the presence of Professor Modigliani who had written a comprehensive paper for the LIEIS. However, due to ill health, such a meeting had to be postponed repeatedly. A third date was set two days before Professor Modigliani’s death. One year on, the LIEIS convened colleagues and friends to honour his memory and life-long work and to discuss his ideas in relation to pension reforms in Europe.

In the course of 5 sessions, approximately 30 participants from about 10 countries debated the following questions:

(1) the open legacy of Franco Modigliani and European pension reforms

(2) the Modigliani-Muralidhar approach to pension reform

(3) various funding modes and …

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New: Austria in the Fall of 2006

Apart from presenting the latest data on poverty, social exclusion etc in Europe, the article shows in a straightforward politometric model that the main deficits of the Austrian neo-liberal transformation 2000-2006 were to be registered in the meagre performance by Austria on the Lisbon indicators:

• green house gas emissions
• risk of poverty
• long term unemployment
• dispersion of regional unemployment rates
• energy intensity
• business investments
• Gütertransport

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New: Is Islam Really a Development Blockade? 12 Predictors of Development, Including Membership in the Organization of Islamic Conference, and Their Influence on 14 Indicators of Development in 109 Countries of the World With Completely Available Data

With all the talk in Europe about Islam and Muslim culture it is surprising how little hard-core empirical evidence exists on the compatibility of Muslim culture with positive patterns of political, social, and ecological development in the world system in the 1980s, 1990s, and beyond. This article tries to close this gap by using latest (United Nations and other data) and multivariate techniques, investigating the determination of 14 indicators of development in 109 countries with complete data by 12 determinants of development, including membership in the 57 member and 3 observer Organization of the Islamic Conference (OIC), comprising 57 members and 3 observer states. The empirical record, presented in this essay, speaks a clear language in favor of Islamic democracy and against those in the West that attempt to treat Islamic cultural heritage as a general development burden. It should be also clear that a reliance on the Washington Consensus alone will not fix the performance of …

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New: BOOK REVIEW: M. Fatih Tayfur Semiperipheral Development and Foreign Policy: The Cases of Greece and Spain

Professor Fatih Tayfur from Middle East Technical University in Ankara published recently a book that should be very much on top of the reading lists of all major European decision makers, and which in a way will be very influential during the negotiations with Turkey. Professor Tayfur’s well-written, interesting world-system study on the trajectory of Greece and Spain in their accession to the European Union would be an event in itself, but the fact that the book is authored by one of Turkey’s leading dependency-theory oriented scholars adds importance to this work in the framework of the ongoing debates about the future European Union accession of the author’s home country (Aldershot: Ashgate Publishing Limited. ISBN 0 7546 1964 8, currently available from 84.95 $ to 298.54 $ (Campusi – Searching 70 bookstores, 60,000 sellers on the world book market). Professor Tayfur is not alone among major Turkish scholars who have identified as the “Gretchenfrage” of the Turkish accession the …

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REVISION: Tectonic Shifts in the Structures of International Inequality?

The article analyses further develops the neo-dependency approach already presented by the same author and looks at recent time series trends in the structure of international capital penetration, international savings, and the dynamics of unequal transfer and their effects on social well-being today. It emerges that the European Center is going to become the main loser in the structural changes that affect the position of Europe in the 21st Century. The world system approach, pioneered today, above all by Giovanni Arrighi and the late Andre Gunder Frank, teaches us that the centers of gravity in the world economy are dramatically shifting towards the Asia- Pacific region, and that the days of Eurocentrism are outnumbered. Foreign savings become an important indicator of the center-periphery structure of the world system and its changing nature (with its ongoing shifts favoring mainly the Asia – Pacific region) as well. Savings rate in Europe almost everywhere decline. It is simply …

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